- Ash from the bark is in an ingredient in an ointment applied locally for lumbar pain and is also rubbed into scarifications on the body as a stimulant and tonic.
- In Zimbabwe, the roots are applied to cuts made on the body to overcome pain from pneumonia.
- Powders known as `umkhwangu' are used as snuff for headaches.
Chemical constituents :
- Root infusions are taken as love charm emetics.
- Securinine and the minor alkaloid, allosecurinine, have been found in rootbark (0.5%), stembark (0.2%), and leaves (0.06%).
- The alkaloids phyllalbine, securinine, phyllochrysine (allosecurinine), phyllanthine (methoxy-securinine) and phyllanthidine have been isolated from rootbark (Foussard-Blanpin et al. 1967).
- Securinine has a similar stimulating action to strychnine on the CNS but is ten times less toxic (Tourova, 1957).
- It has been used successfully in various neuropsychic complaints.
- Both phyllochrysine and securinine are sympathomimetic and excite the CNS.
Also of interest is Phyllanthus reticulatus :
- Phyllalbine chloride has peripheral sympathomimetic properties and slightly inhibits monoamine oxidase (MAOI) and stimulates the suprarenal glands, producing secretion of adrenaline.
- The root-bark is used to ensure visions.
- Froth from rootbark, stirred in water, gives native diviners clear and penetrating vision.
$8.99 for one fluid-ounce tincture bottle.
- (Phyllanthus reticulatus seeds are available; click on the `Seeds' category).
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